Donor Sperm Procedure

Bollywood movie ‘Vicky Donor’ hit the theatres a few years back and addressed revolutionary social idea –Sperm donation. This movie humorously explained the Donor Sperm. However, there are more facts about sperm donation which were not screening in the movie.

Sperm donation is a method in which a man donates sperm via semen the fluid released during ejaculation to help infertile couples and individuals become parents of healthy baby. Donor sperm can be used either for intrauterine insemination (IUI) or for IVF.

Donor sperm is frequently used by:

  • A couple experiencing male infertility (little or no sperm, produces unhealthy sperm, male suffering from some genetic diseases, vasectomy)
  • A single woman who wants to be mother

Before starting the fertility treatment, most infertility experts discussed ethical, legal, mental and emotional aspects of utilizing donor sperm to couples. And made them emotional and mental strength enough to go hassles free fertility treatment.

What are the requirements for a Sperm Donor?

Indian Council of Medical Research guideline the following requirements to become sperm donor:

Apart from sperm donor guideline, ICMR also recommends other screening guidelines for sperm donation:

  • To keep all information about donors, recipients and couples confidential and secure.
  • Use of sperm donated by a relative or a known friend of either the wife or the husband shall not be permitted.
  • It will be the responsibility of the ART clinic to obtain sperm from appropriate banks;
  • The responsibility of the semen bank and the clinic to ensure that the couple does not come to know the identity of the donor.
  • ART clinic will be authorized to appropriately charge the couple for the semen provided and the tests done on the donor semen.

Sperm should be donated only in government authorized sperm banks. After sperm donation and screening process, sperm either frozen in liquid nitrogen for future use in bank till 180 days or used by infertility clinics for infertility treatment.

Higher success rates getting pregnant by donor sperm reported in women, who have no infertility problems, are under 35 years old. Lower success rates are reported where there is a female factor (ovulation problem, endometriosis, DES, etc.) or the woman is over 35.