The term Fertility treatment is a hypernym used for various medical procedures that involve the use of assisted reproductive technology to help couples who are not able to conceive naturally. This problem is commonly referred to as infertility and is defined as the inefficacy to conceive a child even after years of trying. Spontaneous pregnancy, although, is an option for many, it is not an option for all, and in cases where it does not happen naturally, use of assisted reproductive technology can help you to realise your dream of having a child.
Fertility treatments involve significant financial, physical, psychological and time commitments, which can be overwhelming for some. At Zeeva, we understand your worries and concerns and this is the reason why we offer a broad spectrum of treatment plans, ranging from simple to complex, to suit your specific needs. Each and every treatment plan is curated by our experts after taking into consideration various factors that include:
2. Cause of infertility and its severity
3. Duration of infertility
Our team will guide and assist you throughout, making sure you are well aware of your treatment and ensure the right optimization of your time and money. Types of Fertility treatments:
Fertility treatments are broadly classified into 3 major types. These are:
1. Fertility medicines
2. Surgical procedures
3. Assisted conception
Fertility medicines are usually prescribed to women for treating problems related to ovulation, which is the most common cause of infertility in women. Ovulation refers to the release of an ovum (female gamete) from the ovaries, which fertilizes with the sperm (male gamete) to produce the zygote. Irregularity in ovulation is usually a result of some underlying medical problem and by treating this problem, it is possible to restore normal ovulation. This elevates your chances of conceiving and carrying a baby to term. Male infertility medicines, on the other hand, are prescribed to treat hormonal imbalance and enhance sperm count and motility.
The fallopian tubes are a pair of long, slender ducts, present in the female abdominal cavity, that serves as the passage for carrying the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus as well as provide a suitable environment for the fertilization of the male and female gametes. Sometimes, these can get blocked due to adhesions or scar tissue formation. The tubes hence damaged need to be repaired surgically in order to facilitate the normal and healthy transport of eggs. The success rate of the surgery is directly proportional to the adversity of damage to the fallopian tubes. Some of the common tubal procedures for treating include:
Possible complications from tubal surgery include an ectopic pregnancy, which is marked by the implantation of the fertilised egg outside the womb.This happens as surgery can open a blocked tube, but cannot ensure the functionality of the same. If the inner cilia are damaged due to prior infection/inflammation, the tubes ,now opened, post surgery will allow fertilisation to happen , but the tubes are not working well enough to push the embryo towards the uterus, resulting in the pregnancy getting trapped in the tube leading to an ectopic preg
We can have an infographic or video to explain that here as concept of tubal funcionality is very important to understand
Endometriosis is a medical condition marked by the abnormal growth of the uterus lining to the areas surrounding the womb. The problem alleviates your chances of conceiving and increases the risks of miscarriage and stillbirth. Laparoscopic surgery is one of the best alternatives for women suffering from endometriosis as it helps to scale of the unhealthy tissue and destroy the cysts.
Role of surgery in fibroids is a vast topic ...pl mention salient points
In the case of women suffering from PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), laparoscopic drilling can prove to be really effective if oral medication has failed to give desired results. The procedure is carried out via small incisions on the abdomen and involves the use of heat or laser. It helps to decrease the stromal component in the ovaries leading to normalisation of hormonal imbalance in PCOS
The epididymis is a coil-like structure in the testicles that aids in the storage and transportation of sperm. Sometimes the epididymis can become blocked due to severe infections, injuries, genetic problems and inflammation. The condition is popularly known as epididymal obstruction and it can be treated effectively with the help of endoscopic surgery. The procedure is performed under the influence of anaesthesia and involves minimal to no incision.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI): Commonly known as artificial insemination, it is an assisted reproductive technique that involves the collection of sperms from the male partner and placing them directly in the womb of the female partner with the help of a fine plastic tube which is inserted via the cervix.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF): The procedure involves the assisted fertilization of the male and female gamete outside the body. The eggs are collected from the ovaries of the female partner and fertilized with the healthy sperm taken from the male. Once embryo formation takes place, it is very carefully attached to the mother’s womb where it grows naturally.
In case either of the partners is not able to produce healthy gametes, you can receive a healthy egg or sperm from a suitable donor. InFertility treatment using donor eggs is carried out via IVF.